In general, easements are not presumed to be exclusive. This means that the owner of the easement and the servile landowner may use the assets encumbered by the easement, provided that the owner of the easement does not unreasonably interfere with the use of the easement by the owner of the easement.14 If a non-exclusive easement imposes land, the rights of the owner-in-service and the controlling owner must be weighed against each other in order to obtain the 15 But if the owner of the servitude The estate and the holder of the servitude stipulate that an easement is exclusive, the servile owner of the estate may not access or use any part of the servitude.16 37. Lobato, 71 pp.3d at 950 (referring to the Colorado Adverse Property Act in a lawsuit to create an easement by unfavorable possession). The creation, use and termination of easements are topics that practitioners unfamiliar with real estate issues often encounter. However, over time and study, lawyers can learn how to properly design new easements, interpret existing easements, explain to clients whether an easement can be implied, and advise them accordingly. Many questions regarding easements are relatively simple, such as. B, the development of an explicit easement in which the parties agree on the essential conditions. However, other issues, particularly those concerning the interpretation and recognition of an implied servitude, can be extremely complex. In such cases, it may be advisable to seek the experience of a lawyer or contact a lawyer who is familiar with the resolution of such disputes. Estoppel.
The courts may find that an easement was created by estoppel if (1) the custodial landowner allows another to use the land in circumstances where it could reasonably be assumed that the user would substantially change his or her position because he or she believes that the authorization would not be revoked; (2) the user has substantially changed his position on the basis of this belief; and (3) injustice can only be avoided by establishing an easement in favor of the user.47 An easement is a property right that gives its owner an interest in land owned by someone else. It is common for people to lack a clear understanding of easements and the many legal issues that can arise during their creation, interpretation, and implementation. The legal term „servitude” refers to the legal right to use another person`s property for a specific purpose and period of time. An easement gives a person the legal right to pass through another person`s country, provided that the use complies with the specified easement restrictions. Although an easement grants ownership of the land for a specific purpose, the landowner retains ownership of the property. An implicit servitude must be broad enough to allow the uses necessary to allow full enjoyment of the dominant domain. For example, the scope and nature of the uses permitted for an implied easement by necessity will vary depending on the need that led to the easement.62 However, the scope of a pre-use easement is usually limited to the use that originally led to the establishment of the easement. A landowner may expressly grant an easement by deed or other act, or alternatively, the owners of one piece of land may reserve an easement for themselves when transferring the land to another.20 To determine whether and to what extent an easement has been expressly granted, the courts first consider the content of the deed or instrument to determine the will of the parties.21 Easements – Rather than an easement This type of easement „runs with the land” and therefore benefits anyone who owns a particular property. In other words, this type of easement is inextricably linked to the property in question and passes from one owner to another when the property is transferred, unless something serves to remove the easement. In order to meet the „adverse use” requirement, the applicant must demonstrate that its use of the easement area is inconsistent or inconsistent with the easement holder`s right of use. This investigation is necessarily factual. However, it should be remembered that the owner of the servite estate generally retains the right to use the easement area in a manner consistent with the rights of the holder of the easement.
As such, the owner in service may use the easement area, and such use will not be considered prejudicial unless the holder of the easement demands the use of the easement area, applies for its use and is rejected.84 At that time, the period of adverse ownership required by law will be triggered and the adverse use will continue throughout the 18-year period, to support an allegation that servitude is used by opposing persons. In addition, easements can also be terminated. An easement may be terminated when it has necessarily been created and the need ceases to exist, when the land served is destroyed or when it has been abandoned. Courts generally assume that easements are created for eternity, unless otherwise stated in the document creating the servitude. Nevertheless, a person granting an easement should avoid potential problems by explicitly providing that the easement is permanent. There are two types of servitudes: affirmative and negative. An affirmative easement gives the holder of the easement the right to do something on the concessionaire of the easement land, that is, to drive on a road through the grantor.B`s land. A negative easement, on the other hand, allows the holder of the easement to prevent the guarantor of the easement from doing something on his land that is legal to him, such as.B. the construction of a structure that obscures the light or a picturesque view. If the owner of the easement transfers or assigns the easement to the owner of the servile estate, the easement expires due to the merger of the dominant and serviced assets in the common property. By definition, an easement requires that two parcels of land be held in separate ownership, with one encumbered and the other benefiting from the existence and use of the easement.